A poor diet or a hectic lifestyle can often lead to the production of gastric juices, increasing gastric acidity and causing that tiresome and painful feeling of burning, especially after meals.

This excessive acidity can also be felt the pit of the stomach, with burning sensations, cramps, swelling, nausea and heaviness.

The main aim of reflux therapy is to alleviate the symptoms and improve patients’ lives. The first therapeutic approach to achieve this aim is to change patients’ diet and behaviour: poor habits and an imbalanced diet can have a negative impact on reflux, making episodes much worse.

Food tips



Apples, bananas, low-fat cheese, wholemeal bread, cereals, carrots, cabbage, peas, broccoli, green beans, fresh fish, chicken breast, roast beef, baked potatoes

In moderation

Peaches, blueberries, grapes, raspberries, strawberries, yoghurt, skimmed milk, fresh cheese, hard cheese, muffins, muesli, beer, fizzy soft drinks, garlic, onions, shallots, leeks, eggs, tuna salad, fried fish, ham and ketchup

To be avoided

Freshly-squeezed juices and fruit juices, acidic fruit (citrus fruit, pineapple, etc.), tomatoes, cream, chocolate, wines and spirits, hard spirits, coffee, tea, processed meats, fat cheese, chips, mint and spicy food

A healthy diet and lifestyle are always essential

Behavioural tips



  • Sleeping with your head raised
  • Eating frequent light meals
  • Avoiding eating in the 2-3 hours before going to bed
  • Reducing your weight if you are overweight or obese
  • Taking regular physical activity
  • Chewing well
  • Cooking food lightly


To be avoided

  • Lying down immediately after meals
  • Eating large meals
  • Smoking